Spanish Version

Is the Legislative Branch Controlled by the Executive?

Is the Judicial branch controlled by the Executive?

Is the National Electoral Council controlled by the Executive?

Is the new Citizens' Power (the Public Prosecutor, the Office of the Comptroller and the Peoples' Advocate) controlled by the Executive?

Are the Supreme Court Justices biased in the discharge of their Duties?

Is the Independence of the Judicial Career respected?

Do Venezuelan Courts respect Constitutional Law principles?

Is the Supreme Court at the service of the Administration?

Is the National Electoral Council (CNE) an Impartial Body?

Does the CNE Address The Interests of Civil Society or those of the Government?

Does the National Electoral Council Act In Conformity to the law?

Is voting by way of electronic machines reliable?

Does the Electoral Register (RE) contain true and precise information?

Are the media really independent?

Does the Penal Code limit freedom of expression?

Are journalists persecuted, threatened or harassed because of the way they cover the news?

Are human rights violated in Venezuela ?

Does discrimination on political grounds exist in Venezuela?

Are there political prisoners in Venezuela ? Are people persecuted for political reasons?

Are those active in the defense of democracy in Venezuela persecuted and imprisoned?

Are private life and private property respected?

Is freedom in education respected?

Have the human rights of the April 2002 victims been respected and have those responsible been indicted?

Is the Executive ruling under a military style?

Is the political parties system declining in Venezuela?

Are traditional trade-union organizations being respected?

Is the civil society allowed to exercise the functions conferred by the Constitution?

 
State of the institutions
IS THE POLITICAL PARTIES SYSTEM DECLINING IN VENEZUELA ?
 
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Summary

  • 1999 Constitution contains political organization elements acting against the construction of partisan organizations.
  • Attempt to eliminate political parties consistent with President’s ideology inspired on Ceresole’s recommendations proclaiming a direct relation between leader-army-population.
  • Electoral Battle Units later transformed into Endogenous Battle Units have a direct relation with the President.
  • MVR’s disputes during the election of candidates ended in violent confrontations, fraud accusations, actions before the TSJ, and hunger strikes.

1. President Chávez Frías promoted the idea of a Constituent Assembly in order to create a new Constitution in 1999. Such Constitution contains some organizational elements related to the political organization of the civil society that shall be underlined, because they act against the formation of partisan organizations in Venezuela . For example:


2. That attempt to eliminate the parties is consistent with the ideology of President Chávez Frías, inspired by the recommendations of Norberto Ceresole, an argentine sociologist, who proclaims a direct relation between leader-army-population without the mediation of the parties.


3. Only some rank and file organizations have succeeded, in popular sectors, created for the electoral processes held on August and October of 2004. Such organizations are the Electoral Battle Units, now being transformed in Endogenous Battle Units, encouraged by the President and which claim for a direct relation with President Chávez Frías, with no direct subjection whatsoever to the MVR party or to any other allied party of the Government.


4. Among the parties that support the Government, "Movimiento Quinta República" (MVR) is the strongest and the most voted of the existing parties in Venezuela; notwithstanding, it appears that the efforts towards its consolidation have found internal disputes, of which the most evident expression was that occurred with the recent internal process held to select the candidates for "Movimiento Quinta República" (MVR). Within this process, a confrontation took place between the MVR and some allies, which ended in violence, fraud accusations and actions before the "TSJ" (Supreme Court of Justice), as well as hunger strikes.